Lactic Acid: Lactic acid is a type of alpha hydroxy acid (AHA). The AHA family is comprised of various ingredients derived from sugar cane, fruit and milk. As the name suggests, lactic acid can be derived from milk after a steady process of fermentation. Lactic acid is a powerful exfoliant and is featured in many skin care products.
Glycerin: Glycerin is present in all natural lipids (fats), in this case derived from vegetables. Glycerin is a humectant and extremely hygroscopic - meaning it readily absorbs water from other sources. So, Glycerin works because of its ability to attract water from the environment and from the lower layers of skin (dermis) increasing the amount of water in the surface layers of skin. Another aspect of glycerin’s benefit is that it is a skin-identical ingredient, meaning it is a substance found naturally in skin. It is an ingredient that will help maintain the outer barrier and prevent dryness or scaling.